Basic Information about Estonia
Population: 1,340,021 (as of 01.10.2014)
Capital: Tallinn (396 375 in)
Density: 31 inhabitants/km²
Ethnic composition: Estonians 71.8%, Russians 21.6%, Ukrainians 2.1%, Byelorussians 1.2%, Finns 0.8%, Others 2.5%
Territory: 45,227 km²
International Phone Code: 00372 or +372
Other cities: Tallinn (120 km from Pärnu), Tartu 101 169 (118 km from Pärnu), Narva 67 144(225 km from Pärnu)
Local time: Estonia is in the Eastern European Time Zone (GMT+2hrs). Summer time (GMT+3hrs) is in effect from the last Sunday of March until the last Sunday of October.
Currency: EURO (since 1. 1. 2011)
Estonia has four seasons of near-equal length. Average temperatures range from 16.3 °C (61.3 °F) on the Baltic islands to 18.1 °C (64.6 °F) inland in July, the warmest month, and from −3.5 °C (25.7 °F) on the Baltic islands to −7.6 °C (18.3 °F) inland in February, the coldest month.
The average annual temperature in Estonia is 5.2 °C (41.4 °F). Snow cover, which is deepest in the south-eastern part of Estonia, usually lasts from mid-December to late March.